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Comorbidities

Chronic pain, especially moderate to severe chronic pain, may increase the likelihood of various other health problems, including:

  • fatigue and/or insomnia
  • weakened immune system
  • weight gain or obesity
  • gastrointestinal issues (e.g. opioid-induced constipation)
  • cardiovascular issues (e.g. postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome)
  • adverse events related to medications or surgeries
  • depression, anxiety, stress
  • suicide

Once diagnosed with chronic pain, it’s important to understand the increased risks and proactively work to mitigate them through whatever means possible, whether lifestyle modifications, treatment or otherwise.

The long-term prognosis for chronic pain is normal. For severe chronic pain, some studies suggest mortality rates do increase, but the results are inconclusive.[1],[2],[3]

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726210

[2] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4047043/

[3] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27430167