Neuromodulation facts: sources and citations

History/evolution of neuromodulation:

Neuromodulation’s role on pain pathways:

https://www.neuromodulation.com/spinal-cord-stimulation

Use of neuromodulation outside of pain relief:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/neuromodulation

Approval/requirements for neuromodulation:

TENS units:

https://uihc.org/health-topics/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulator-tens

Types of implanted neuromodulation:

https://www.neuromodulation.com/glossary-of-definitions

Implanted neuromodulation trials:

How long implanted devices last:

Risks with implanted devices:

https://www.asra.com/asra-news/article/207/complications-of-spinal-cord-stimulator

What SCS is used for:

Types of SCS therapy:

MRIs & SCS:

Dorsal root ganglion stimulation:

Intrathecal drug delivery systems:

Finding a provider: